"Hmmm, this behavior is odd." "What's causing this to happen?" "I have no idea what happens to this request after it's processed." Does this sound familiar? Did you agonoize for months trying to find the answer? Did you just sweep it under the rug for someone else to eventually notice? In this presentation I will provide you with some helpful tips to instrument and monitor your code bases and key services that power your software. We'll look into monitoring Apache Kafka, Java SpringBoot apps, Python apps, Kubernetes, Postgres, and more with tools such at Prometheus, Graphna, and Loki. We'll also briefly touch on system observability as it relates to the business domain and how that can lead your internal users to discover opportunities for future product offerings.